The study involved approximately 700 participants, most of whom (73%) were women. Sixty per cent were on HIV treatment.
The likelihood of disclosure to family members differed by sex and by the use of HIV treatment.
Some 70% of women not on HIV therapy had disclosed to a family member, as had 93% of women taking HIV treatment. Rates of disclosure were lower for men (54% of those not on therapy; 77% of men taking treatment).
Disclosure to sexual partners was much less common. In comparison, about a quarter of women disclosed, as did 45% of men. Being on treatment or not didn’t make the same difference to disclosure rates.
People more recently diagnosed seem to find it easier to disclose their HIV status.